Sunday, April 20 , 2014

Conservation Banks

• Click here to read NMBA's pamphlet on conservation banking

Conservation banks are permanently protected lands that contain natural resource values. These lands are conserved and permanently managed for species that are endangered, threatened, candidates for listing, or are species-at-risk. Conservation banks function to offset adverse impacts to these species that occurred elsewhere, sometimes referred to as off-site mitigation. In exchange for permanently protecting the land and managing it for these species, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and/or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) approves a specified number of habitat or species credits that bank owners may sell. Developers or other project proponents who need to compensate for the adverse impacts projects have on species may purchase the credits from conservation bank owners to mitigate their impacts.

In the early 1990s, the FWS and NMFS began approving conservation banks for a variety of federally-listed species. As of January 2009, more than 90 conservation banks have been approved by the FWS protecting over 90,000 acres of habitat. In what has been termed "a hallmark event in the 30-year history of the Endangered Species Act," the FWS issued the first comprehensive Federal guidelines in May 2003 to promote conservation banks as a tool for mitigating adverse impacts to species. Although no two banks will be developed or used in an identical fashion, the guidelines foster national consistency by standardizing establishment and operational criteria. In October 2011, the NMFS Southwest Region issued guidance for the establishment and implementation of conservation banks covering marine and anadromous species.

Conservation banks are a viable tool for advancing the recovery of listed species. The offset structure enabled by conservation banks provides a mechanism for the FWS and NMFS staff to balance the needs of all the constituents in a clear and effective manner.


CALIFORNIA

Westervelt Ecological Services
Big Gun Conservation Bank, Placer County
Species: California red-legged frog

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Blackburn Vernal Pool Conservation Bank, Tehama County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp

 

Westervelt Ecological Services
Burke Ranch Conservation Bank, Solano County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, Vernal pool tadpole shrimp, Conservancy fairy shrimp, Delta green ground beetle, California tiger salamander, Swainson's hawk, Burrowing owl

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Daley Ranch Vernal Pool Conservation Bank, Butte County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, vernal pool tadpole shrimp, California fairy shrimp (aka California linderiella)

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Deadman Creek Conservation Bank, Merced County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, vernal pool tadpole shrimp, conservancy fairy shrimp, California tiger salamander, San Joaquin kit fox

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Dolan Ranch Conservation Bank, Colusa County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, vernal pool tadpole shrimp, California fairy shrimp (aka California linderiella), western burrowing owl, giant garter snake, Swainson's hawk

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Fremont Landing Conservation Bank, Yolo County
Species: Chinook salmon, Central Valley steelhead

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Gilsizer Slough South Giant Garter Snake Conservation Bank, Sutter County
Species: Giant garter snake

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Great Valley Conservation Bank, Merced County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, vernal pool tadpole shrimp, California fairy shrimp (aka California linderiella), California tiger salamander, San Joaquin kit fox

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Haera Wildlife Conservation Bank, Alameda County
Species: Western burrowing owl, San Joaquin kit fox

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Jenny Farms Conservation Bank, Solano County
Species: Western burrowing owl, Swainson's hawk

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Kreyenhagen Hills Conservation Bank, Fresno County
Species: San Joaquin kit fox

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Laguna Terrace East Conservation Bank, Sacramento County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, California fairy shrimp (aka California linderiella)

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Liberty Island Conservation Bank, The entire legal Delta including portions of Yolo, Solano, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Contra Costa, and Alameda Counties
Species: Delta smelt, longfin smelt (in-process), Chinook salmon, Central Valley steelhead

 

Westervelt Ecological Services
Mariner Vernal Pool Conservation Bank, Placer County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, Vernal pool tadpole shrimp, Swainson's hawk

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Ridge Cut GGS Conservation Bank, Portions of Tehama, Glenn, Colusa, Yolo, Sacramento, and Solano Counties
Species: Delta smelt, longfin smelt (in-process), Chinook salmon, Central Valley steelhead

 

Wildlands, Inc.
River Ranch VELB Conservation Bank, Yolo County
Species: Valley elderberry longhorn beetle

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Sand Creek Conservation Bank, Tulare County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, California fairy shrimp (aka California linderiella), California tiger salamander, San Joaquin kit fox

 

Westervelt Ecological Services
Sutter Basin Conservation Bank, Sutter County
Species: Giant garter snake

 

Wildlands, Inc.
Western Placer Schools Conservation Bank, Placer County
Species: Vernal pool fairy shrimp, vernal pool tadpole shrimp, Swainson's hawk


MISSISSIPPI

Westervelt
Chickasawhay Conservation Bank, Greene County
Species: Gopher tortoise


SOUTH CAROLINA

Environmental Banc & Exchange (EBX)
Carolina Heelsplitter Conservation Bank, Lancaster
Species: Carolina Heelsplitter
Phone: 919-829-9909 | Email: Martin@ebxusa.com


TEXAS

Bandera Conservation Corridor, LLC
Bandera Corridor Conservation Bank, Bandera & Real Counties
Species: Golden-cheeked Warbler and Black-capped Vireo

 



WASHINGTON

Wildlands, Inc.
Blue Heron Slough Conservation Bank, Snohomish County
Species: Chinook salmon, steelhead, and bull trout


WEST VIRGINIA

Environmental Banc & Exchange (EBX)
Thunderstruck Conservation Bank
Species: Cheat Mountain Salamander
Phone: 304-465-4300 | Email: Mattfisher@ebxusa.com

 




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